Yoga is a compilation of physical, mental and spiritual practice that originated in ancient India.  There is a great variety of yoga schools. Among the most well-known types of yoga are Hatha yoga and Raja yoga.
In the 1980s, yoga became popular as a system of physical exercise across the Western world. However, yoga is more than physical exercise, it has a meditative and spiritual essence.
The first Hindu teacher to actively try to popularize the aspects of yoga to the Western audience  was Swami Vivekananda , who toured Europe and the United States in the 1890s. The reception which Swami Vivekananda received was mostly by intellectuals such as R. W. Emerson (1803–1882), philosophers and scholars – G.W.F. Hegel (1770–1831), Arthur Schopenhauer (1788–1860) etc.
The Western world associates the term “yoga” with Hatha yoga and its postures (asanas) merely as a form of exercise. In Hinduis
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